Was a Polish, nationalized French scientist. Pioneer in the field of radioactivity, was the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes in different specialties - Physics and Chemistry-Cy and the first woman to occupy the position of professor at the University of Paris. In 1995 was buried with honors in the Pantheon of Paris by its own merits.
She was born in Warsaw, in what was then the Zarathus of Poland, administered by the Russian Empire. He was a clandestine student at the "floating university" in Warsaw and began his scientific training in that city
She was the fifth daughter of Władysław Skłodowski, a middle school teacher in Physics and Mathematics - as well as her grandfather - and Bronisława Boguska, who was a teacher, pianist and singer.12 Maria had four older brothers: Zofia (1862-1876 ), Józef (1863-1937), Bronisława (1865-1939) and Helena (1866-1961).
He died in 1934, aged 66, at Sancellemoz sanatorium in Passy, due to an aplastic anemia caused by exposure to radiation by holding test tubes with radio in his pockets during the investigation9 and in the construction of mobile lightning units X of the First World War.10